Osteoporosis is a disease that affects people of all ages, sex and ethnic background. Osteoporosis results in the reduction of bone mass where bones become fragile and can easily fracture. It primarily affects the hip, vertebral column and wrists. Twenty-eight million Americans, 80% of which are women, have osteoporosis or osteopenia. Some of the first signs are a decrease in height, protruding abdomen, postural changes and/or fractures.
- Family History
- Post Menopausal women
- Thin or obese women
- Sedentary lifestyles
- Over exercisers
- Taking thyroid and/or steroid medication
- Eating disorders
- Rheumatoid arthritis
How does Physical Therapy Help?
Physical Therapy with osteoporosis patients is primarily to prevent fractures.
This is done through:
Gait and Balance Assessments – identifying factors that may lead to falls
Body Mechanics Training – to help prevent flexion stresses on the vertebral bodies
Posture Assessment – to address stresses on the spine during non-movement
Exercise – to strengthen spinal muscles and improve bone density
Until you get to Physical Therapy:
- Avoid bending at the waist
- Avoid twisting
- Avoid prolonged sitting
- Utilize good body mechanics with your daily activities
Ask your doctor about a referral to physical therapy. If your doctor needs more information, please have them contact our training department.